I want students to believe they can do anything. In my opinion, low self-efficacy is the #1 deterrent to student learning. Many students, unfortunately, do not have a source of encouragement outside of the classroom. Students should believe that the only obstacles they face are the ones they set for themselves. If students believe in themselves, learning will follow. As an instructor, I plan to always encourage students of all learning levels.
Self-Efficacy is an individual’s belief that they have the skills necessary to achieve a goal. Students with higher self-efficacy generally set high goals, give greater effort, and achieve more. Factors that affect self-efficacy are expected outcomes (that a behavior will result in the desired outcome), perception (confidence in your abilities), and goals set on the belief of what can be accomplished.
In order to succeed, people need a sense of self-efficacy, to struggle together with resilience to meet the inevitable obstacles and inequities of life. – Albert Bandura
The effects can also occur within groups (group self-efficacy) and teachers (teacher self-efficacy). Teacher self-efficacy can result in higher standards, greater efforts, and a willingness to experiment with learning. Group self-efficacy leads to greater common goals, higher perception of the group, and greater expected outcomes.